Federated state of the USA (145,436 km2 with 5,627,967 inhabitants in 2008); county seat Madison. It is one of the central states of the Northeast; it borders on the east with the lake Michigan, north with the State of Michigan and the Lake Superior, at O with the Minnesota and the Iowa, to the south with Illinois. It consists in absolute prevalence of low lands (maximum height 582 m), modeled by the glacial expansion in the northern and eastern sections, therefore rich in lakes. Hydrographically the waters are part of the Mississippi, part al Saint Lawrence. The climate has a decidedly continental character, with mainly summer rains, and abundant snow. Agricultural production (cereals, potatoes, tobacco, fruit, fodder) and cattle breeding are important. The exploitation of forests and river and lake fishing is noteworthy. Among the industries emerge those metalworking, food, tanning, wood, paper; the tertiary sector is relevant. There are numerous lake navigation routes that lead to very active ports, of which the main ones are: Superior and Ashland (Lake Superior) and Milwaukee (Lake Michigan).
According to abbreviationfinder, the territory of the Wisconsin was explored by J. Nicolet (1634) sent by S. Champlain and remained French de iure until 1760, and de facto until 1783, when the British gave it to the USA; the sale became effective in 1816. From 1787 to 1800 it was part of the Northwest territory, from 1800 to 1805 of the Indiana territory, then from 1805 to 1809 of Michigan, from 1809 to 1818 of Illinois, from 1818 to 1836 again of Michigan. When this territory became a state, the Wisconsin became autonomous territory, including Iowa, Minnesota and part of the two Dakotas. In 1838, the entire west portion of the Mississippi was detached to build the Idaho Territory. Of the Indian wars the most serious was that of Black Hawk (Black Hawk), from 1832. Wisconsin was admitted to the Union as a state in 1848; the strong German immigration of that year characterized its physiognomy. Capitals of the Wisconsin before Madison (from 1838) were Belmont and then Burlington.
According to countryaah, Wisconsin has the following main cities:
City of the USA (228,775 residents In 2008), capital of the State of Wisconsin, located on an isthmus between the Monona and Mendota lakes. Agricultural market and headquarters of the engineering, chemical and textile industries.
It was built as the capital of Wisconsin in 1837, on the territory of the Indians Winnebago, and was elevated to a city in 1856.
The most populous city in the state of Wisconsin (United States), the capital of Milwaukee County, the twelfth metropolis of the Confederation, according to the 1930 census; it is located on the west coast of Lake Michigan, on the Milwaukee River and tributaries (Menominee and Kinnickinnic). Milwaukee’s average annual temperature is 7 ° -8 °; winters are cold (average of −5 °) and summers are hot (20 °), with very sensitive contrasts between absolute maximums and minimums: the average annual rainfall is around 700-800 mm; the rains fall mainly in the summer; the winter months are the driest; abundant snow (about 1200-1300 mm. per year); southwest winds prevail.
The population of the center has risen from 1712 residents in 1840 to 20,061 in 1850, to 115,587 in 1880, to 285,315 in 1900, to 373,857 in 1910, to 457,147 in 1920, to 578,249 in 1930. Numerous centers have been annexed to Milwaukee City since 1920. They surround the metropolis Wauwatosa City (21,194 residents In 1930); West Allis (34,671); Cudahy (10,631); South Milwaukee (10.706), etc.
In 1930 the indigenous Whites were 37.7%; Indigenous Whites born to foreign parents 41.8%; whites born abroad 18.9%; the color element 1.6%. Of the 109,383 Whites born abroad the most important nuclei were given by Germans (40,787), whose immigration began around 1840, Poles (19,583), Russians (7443), Austrians (5827), Yugoslavs (5647); and Italians (4986).
Milwaukee is of fundamental importance for industries: the number of workers was 59,502 in 1909, 84,222 in 1919, 94,873 in 1929: the value of the products increased from 208 million dollars in 1909 to 700 million in 1929. All industries are represented there: steel and mechanical industries emerge, construction of electrical equipment and motor vehicles, the leather and footwear industry, the knitwear and clothing industry, furniture, bagged and slaughtered meats, etc.. Milwaukee has great importance as a commercial center. As a freight movement, its port occupies the second place among the centers of Lake Michigan, after Chicago, with an average annual weight of 6-7 million tons for the period 1919-1928. The trade in cereals is huge, arrived in Milwaukee by rail and by lake with an annual average (1920-1928) of 19 million hectoliters; for the same period the cereals loaded added annually to 13 million hectoliters, of which a third transported via lakes and destined for Buffalo. Before Prohibition, much of the barley was used by the thriving brewing industry, for which Milwaukee was deservedly famous. For the grain trade, the metropolis has 18 elevators, including three of grandiose proportions. Via lakes, considerable quantities of iron ores (from Lake Superior), coal, coming mainly from the embarkation ports of Lake Erie (in 1928 over 3 million tons, thus placing the metropolis in first place among the cities of the lake) reach Milwaukee. Michigan) and lumber.
The port of Milwaukee is served by regular lake navigation lines and by ferry-boat services for the transport of railway wagons and cars, of cars to Grand Haven (Michigan), managed by the Grand Trunk Railway and to Ludington (Michigan), managed by Pere Marquette Railway. Milwaukee is a first-rate railway hub and an important aviation center.
The city is home to higher education institutions, such as Marquette University founded in 1881, Milwaukee Downer College (1895), Milwaukee School of Engineering (1905); it also has numerous museums and libraries.
History. – The name Millioke it is first found in the reports of the Jesuits who followed the west coast of Lake Michigan in 1673. This name represents the first of many efforts to transliterate the Indian name, which means “good lands”, of a village that once stood in the place. A merchant, Alexander Henry, settled there in 1760; the French had a place there for the fur trade in 1763, and in 1795 the Northwestern Fur Company settled there permanently, yielding only in 1820 to the company of Astor (v.). The treaties of 1831 and 1833 with the Menominee extinguished Indian rights. Milwaukee was on the trafficking line from Fort Dearborn (Chicago) or Green Bay, and settlers flocked there in large numbers. In 1833 the whole area was explored. Between the two regions, east and west, disputes arose, especially over bridges, because they had been organized separately. In 1840 the wave of immigration from Germany began, accelerated in 1848 by the revolution, and in the same year the first brewery was built. In 1846 the city was incorporated.