Federated state of the USA (24,900 km2 with 621,760 inhabitants in 2009), in the New England; capital Montpelier. It borders Canada to the north and the States of New Hampshire, along the river Connecticut, to E, of Massachusetts to south and di New York to the west. The territory is crossed in all its length by the Green Mountains, which slope west and northwest into the lowlands that line the eastern shore of Lake Champlain. AE a series of other lands descends towards the Connecticut valley, the most important river that affects the state, even if only marginally. The climate is continental, with long, cold winters and hot summers. The economy is agricultural-forestry, with the production of cereals, potatoes and apples; cattle breeding is very widespread, which feeds a thriving dairy industry, while the raw material for the industry is obtained from the forests. wood and paper. Marble, granite, asbestos, talc and asbestos are extracted from the subsoil. The abundance of water resources provides a considerable amount of electricity. Tourism developed. According to abbreviationfinder, the main cities, besides the capital, are Barre, Burlington and Rutland.
Perhaps originally inhabited by the Iroquois and visited by the French explorer S. de Champlain in 1609, it was colonized by the French starting in 1666; the territory passed to the English in 1758; after various attempts to declare itself independent, frustrated by the opposition of the states of New York and New Hampshire which competed for possession, it was constituted into an independent republic in 1777 and on March 4, 1791 it became the 14th State of the Union; in 1803 the capital was established in Montpelier. During the civil war, Vermont remained loyal to the Union.
The population of Vermont was 85,000 in 1791, 332,420 in 1890. and in the 1930 census it rose to 359,611 residents, with an average of 14.5 residents per sq.km.; it should be noted that the weak increase, which took place in the last decades, must be attributed to the strong currents of emigration towards the west. By far the white element prevails: numerous foreign-born and precisely the Franco-Canadians, the Anglo-Canadians, the English, the Irish and the Scots; the Italians are about 2000.
The main cities, besides the aforementioned capital, are: Burlington, seat of a university (inhabitants 24,789), Rutland (pop. 17,315), Barre (pop. 11,307).
Vermont, unlike the other northern New England states, has retained its old agricultural-pastoral character. Competition from the more fertile and larger western states produced a crisis in the agricultural production of New England from the second half of the nineteenth century, a crisis which resulted, together with emigration to the west, to abandon of many farms and the shrinking of cultivated areas, phenomena which, on the other hand, was opposed by the industrial development of the region. Indeed, thanks to its relatively more favorable soil conditions, Vermont has suffered less than the other neighboring states and its agriculture, having acquired an intensive and specialized character, in close connection with farming, has been able to keep in fairly good efficiency. Fodder prevails, followed by oats, corn, potatoes, barley, and wheat; among the important tree plants are apples.
A typical production of Vermont is then that of maple sugar.
Forests cover almost 50% of the territory; conifers prevail and particularly abies nigra : among the related industries the main one is that of the manufacture of wood pulp. The breeding is very developed: there are 352,000 dairy cows; cattle 434,000; 46,000 horses; sheep 35,000; pigs 29,000. Milk is exported on a large scale to numerous city centers, as far as Boston itself.
Vermont holds the first place among the states of the Union for the production of marble (Champlain basin); granite is also abundant; the state also boasts many mineral springs, which, together with the country’s natural beauty, constitute an important factor in the tourism industry. Mechanical industries have modest development.
The above water conditions are very favorable to the development of hydro-electric industries. Vermont is crossed by numerous railway lines, among which we remember the one that from New York to Albany reaches Rutland, Burlington and connects in Canada, in Montreal, with the great artery of San Lorenzo.
According to countryaah, Vermont has the following main cities:
Capital of the state of Vermont (United States), capital of Washington County; founded on the Winooski river in 1787, it became the capital in 1805. It is a center of very modest proportions: it had 118 inhabitants. in 1790, 2310 in 1850, 6266 in 1900, 7856 in 1910, 7125 in 1920, 7837 in 1930 (of which 1049 foreign-born whites; no black elements). The city is located in a suggestive area for natural beauty and with important granite quarries and is served by the Central Vermont and Montpelier and Wells River railways.