Tennessee State Facts

Tennessee State Facts

Federated state of the USA (109,152 km2 with 6,296,254 inhabitants in 2009); capital Nashville. The territory, entirely included in the basin of Mississippi, presents notable morphological variety. Proceeding from east to west we meet the Appalachian ranges, the valley of the eastern Tennessee, the plateau of the Cumberland, on average 600 m asl, the central plain, the Tennessee valley and finally the western plateau which descends with steep slopes on the Mississippi valley floor. The semi-continental climate is characterized by rather mild winters, hot summers and abundant rainfall. The main rivers are the Mississippi, the Tennessee and the Cumberland, a tributary of the Ohio. According to abbreviationfinder, the most important cities besides the capital are Memphis, on the left of the Mississippi, in one of the richest cotton regions in the state, Knoxville, the administrative headquarters of the Tennessee Valley Authority, and Oak Ridge, where nuclear research laboratories are located. Economic activities concern the exploitation of forests (which occupy approx. 50% of the territory), agriculture (soy, fruit, cotton, tobacco), livestock, mineral extraction (zinc, pyrites, phosphates, coal , copper) and considerable industrialization (in the metallurgical, chemical, textile, food, woodworking sectors). The development of the local industrial apparatus was largely favored by the huge production of hydroelectric energy carried out by the Tennessee Valley Authority.

Visited in 1540 by H. De Soto and in 1682 by R.-R. de La Salle, the territory of the present Tennessee was claimed by the French as part of the Louisiana, but remained in fact in the hands of the natives. The English victory of 1763 put an end to the French claims and in 1768 the Six Indian Nations ceded their rights to the British Crown. A few years later a steady stream of immigration began. At the outbreak of the American Revolution, the inhabitants obtained the annexation of the territory to North Carolina, with the name of Washington District. In 1790, North Carolina ceded land “south of the Ohio River” to the federal government, which had the status of a territory with Knoxville as its capital. Constituted in State, the Tennessee was admitted to the Union on 1 June 1796. During the civil war he took the side of the secessionists and, with Virginia, was the scene of war operations. From 1880 on, its economic conditions progressed rapidly.

According to countryaah, Tennessee has the following main cities:


City of the USA (596,462 residents In 2008), capital of Tennessee, on the Cumberland River and on the edge of the Cumberland Plateau. Remarkable industrial center (aeronautical construction, textile and clothing industries; wood and building, chemical and food materials). A river port and hub for communication routes, it is located on the Cincinnati-Birmingham railway line, with a branch for Memphis. It is considered the home of country and western music; there are several recording studios and the Country music hall of fame.

It was founded by J. Robertson as an outpost of white colonization in the region in 1779 with the name of Nashborough, changed in 1784. Since 1812 it has been the seat of Parliament (except in 1815-26) and since 1843 of the government of Tennessee; in June 1850 it hosted the N. Convention, which was attended by delegates from 8 southern states and which rejected the proposal of open resistance to the claims of the abolitionists. On 15-16 December 1864 it was the scene of a battle in which the Northern forces defeated the Confederates.


The most populous city in Tennessee (United States) in the southwestern section of the state, the capital of Shelby County, on the left bank of the Mississippi, south of the confluence of the Wolf River. The southern part of the city overlooks President Island between the Mississippi River and the Tennessee Chute: built on the Chickasau Bluffs, about 15 meters above water level (within the perimeter of the city a fort was built by the French in the 17th century), it soon became an important traffic center since (in 1834) the first regular river navigation service to New Orleans was started and the first railways were built (1836) (in 1857 the rail link with Charleston on the Atlantic was completed). He played a notable part during the civil war and in the years 1873, 1878, 1879 suffered from serious epidemics of yellow fever, which paralyzed the development of the center for months, significantly reducing its population. The average annual temperature is around 16 ° -17 °; rainfall is abundant, around 1300 mm., well distributed in every month of the year, with a slight prevalence in the winter semester (winter 30%; spring 30%; summer 21%; autumn 19%); minimum snow. Northwest winds blow in winter, southwest in summer. The population of the city has been increasing very rapidly: 8841 inhabitants in 1850, rising to 33,592 in 1880, to 102,320 in 1900, to 131,104 in 1910, to 162,351 in 1920, to 253,143 in 1930. In that year the indigenous Whites were the 54.1%; Whites born to foreign parents 5.6%; whites born abroad 2.1%, a very numerous element of color, equal to 38.2%. Of the foreign white element the most important nuclei were given by Italians (1218), Russians (758), Tedeschi (682), English (638).

The city is a notable industrial center: the workers were 7927 in 1909, rising to 11,963 in 1919, to 15,921 in 1929. The most important industries are those related to cotton and timber (cotton pressing, cotton oil, sawmills, etc.).). The value of the products rises from $ 30 million in 1909 to $ 170 million in 1929.

Memphis is very important from a commercial point of view: it is located in an area with an intense cultivation of cotton (started in 1830), for which it has become its main internal market (on average 2 million bales are traded per year); The traffic of timber is also very developed, which benefits, in addition to the railways, of the excellent waterway offered by the Mississippi, through which the first bridge was completed in 1892: the railways cross the river by means of two bridges, one of which, the ‘Harahan, completed in 1917, is also used for the passage of vehicles. The river front is long, about 11 km: numerous port facilities allow the traffic of the city, also served by a first-rate railway network. The city is home to the Colleges of Medicine and Dentistry and the Schools of Pharmacy and Nursing of the University of Tennessee; West Tennessee State Teachers College (1912); Southwestern College (Presbyterian), founded in 1875 in Clarcksville and transported to Memphis in 1925. Among the main libraries we will mention the Cossit Library, the Goodwyn Institute Library; among the societies, the Engineers Club of Memphis (1914) should be mentioned; the Tri-State Medical Association of Mississippi, Arkansas and Tennessee and the Memphis Society of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology. among the societies, the Engineers Club of Memphis (1914) should be mentioned; the Tri-State Medical Association of Mississippi, Arkansas and Tennessee and the Memphis Society of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology. among the societies, the Engineers Club of Memphis (1914) should be mentioned; the Tri-State Medical Association of Mississippi, Arkansas and Tennessee and the Memphis Society of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology.

Tennessee State Facts

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