Federated state of the north-eastern USA (3140 km 2 with 1,050,788 inhabitants in 2008), one of the original 13, between the Massachusetts, the Connecticut and the Atlantic. Capital Providence. The territory has a hilly morphology in the western section and reaches 250 m in Jerimoth Hill; the eastern sector is characterized by the Bay of Narragansett, in which there are several islands (Rhode with the port of Newport, Conanicut, Prudence). The climate, humid with oceanic characteristics, and the clayey soils favor the spread of forests and pastures, and therefore of cattle breeding, while agriculture (vegetables, fruit, corn, potatoes) is of little importance. Fishing is very active. The economy of the state is based, however, above all on tertiary and secondary activities (textile industries, concentrated in Pawtucket and Woonsocket, mechanical, electrical, electronic, shipbuilding and, in the capital, jewelry processing).
According to abbreviationfinder, the colony of Rhode Island arose in 1647 following the free union of the independent colonies of Providence, of Portsmouth and Newport, and then of Warwick. It was immediately characterized by political particularism: the decisions of the general assembly constituted by the free men of the different cities had, in fact, to obtain approval in each single city separately. He played a major part in the rebellion against England, but accepted the federal union only after strong pressure, in 1790.
According to countryaah, Rhode Island has the following main cities:
Capital of the state of Rhode Island (United States) capital of the homonymous county, located in the north-eastern section of the state, on the Providence River, born from the confluence of the Mohassuck and Woonasquatucket rivers, 33.4 km away. from the Atlantic Ocean. It has a cool oceanic climate, rainfall is abundant (1020 mm. Per year) and distributed throughout each month; very frequent fog, especially during the winter. The city, founded in 1636, has seen its population rise from 6380 residents in 1790 to 41,513 in 1850, to 175,597 in 1900, to 224,326 in 1910, to 237,595 in 1920, to 252,981 in 1930. On the east bank of the river is East Providence (29,995 in 1930). In 1930 the ethnic composition of the center was as follows: Whites born to indigenous parents 28%; Whites born to foreign parents 44.2%; Whites born in foreign 25.5%; Negroes and other races 2.3%. Of the Whites born abroad (total of 64,605 individuals) the most important nuclei were given by Italians (19,181 individuals), English, Scots, Northern Irish (10,511), Irish from the Free State (7922), Russians (4536), Franco -Canadians (3837), Canadians (3757), etc. In 1930, 112,338 people over 10 years of age were employed: of these 44.4% were employed in industries and crafts and 22.1% in communications and commerce. The center is of great importance for industries: from 38,987 workers employed in 1890 to 48,322 in 1929. The main industry of Providence is that relating to jewelery; indeed in this respect the city occupies the first place in the United States. The textile industries (wool, cotton, knitwear) with the related dyeing industry and the manufacture of textile machines; mechanical industries in general and precision industries (optics); silver processing and related productions; the publishing industry, etc. The city also owes its importance to the port, which is accessed via the western and eastern passages of Narragansett Bay and up the Providence River. The innermost section, upstream of Kettle and Fields Points, has a variable width between 240 and 540 m. (the seabed will be brought to 9 m and more) and narrows, north of Fox Point, into a channel, along m. About 1300, which has a width between 30 and 120 m. The port complex is completed by the Pawtucket River estuary, which allows you to go up to the city of the same name (see). Both the canal and this river are crossed by movable road and rail bridges. The port is influenced by the tide (1.40 m; sometimes for local reasons it can even reach 2.40 m) and is equipped with 66 piers, docks and docks. Total trade (domestic, cabotage and foreign) is around 4 million tons. The most trafficked products are petroleum and derivatives, coal, coke, which alone give the 4 / 5 of the total weight; followed by raw products for the textile industry (cotton, wool and other products), wood and its products, building materials, tropical and chemical products, etc. The city and port are served by regular shipping lines and the New York, New Haven and Harford Railroad lines. Providence is home to Brown University, founded in 1764, with over 2,000 students; Rhode Island College of Education (1854); of Providence College (1919), etc.; in addition to numerous libraries and museums.
Monuments. – There are still many houses of the century. XVIII, often built of red bricks with white marble frames. Among them are the Randall, Hopkins, Brown, Russell, Nightingale and Ives houses. The cottage by Roger Williams is located inside the park that bears his name. Pendleton House, currently used as a museum, contains one of the finest existing collections of American antique furniture. The homes of Nicholas Brown (1787) and Siril Dodge (1793) house the Providence Art Club. There are two notable colonial-style churches: the Friends’ Meeting House (1759) and the First Baptist Church (1775). The latter, designed by Joseph Brown in the style of Ch. Wren, has beautiful details, especially the solemn tower and spire. The Old Market House (1773) is currently occupied by the Chamber of Commerce. The most beautiful modern building is the Rhode Island State Capitol (1902), the work of Mc Kim, Meade, White. Surmounted by a splendid dome, whose design is inspired by Bramante, this building, of good proportions and sober in detail, it served as a model for the government building of other states. Outside the civic center and business district is College Hill, where Brown University and the Rhode Island School of Design’s affiliated institute and museum are located.
History. – It was founded in 1636 by Roger Williams, an exile from Massachusetts, who together with other companions took possession of the territory where the city then rose and in 1644 organized a union of the three villages of Providence, Aquidneck (Portsmouth) and Newport under the name of “Incorporation of Providence plantations in the Narragansett Bay in New England”. Union government was organized in Providence in May 1647. In 1649 the borough was incorporated as a city by the Colonial Assembly. In 1676 it was attacked by the Indians. In the war for independence, the British occupation of Newport caused much of Rhode Island’s foreign trade to flow into Providence, with evident gain and advantage for the city.