Federated state of the USA (180,516 km 2 with 5,911,605 inhabitants in 2008); capital Jefferson City. It is limited to east by the river Mississippi, while part of the western border is marked by the river of the same name, which then, bending to the east after the confluence of the river Kansas, cut the state in two. The region north of the river, formed by moraine deposits and loexic soils, has altitudes no higher than 200-300 m and is rainier and more inhabited than the south region, characterized by a more rugged topography (Ozark Plateau), from higher altitudes and aridity. Agricultural production (corn, soy), livestock and mineral resources (lead, coal, iron, barite) are noteworthy. Also important are industrial activities (food, mechanical, chemical, publishing and aeronautical industries) and the production of hydroelectric energy. Tourism developed.
According to abbreviationfinder, the region was part of the French province of Louisiana until 1803, when the whole province was ceded by Napoleon to the American republic (Louisiana Purchase). As the population grew rapidly, annexation to the Union was insistently asked: which, being Missouri a slave state, provoked bitter discussions between slaveholders and abolitionists. With the compromise of Missouri, which in 1820 was accepted by Congress, slavery was recognized in Missouri, provided that it was absolutely forbidden in the other territories subject to the Louisiana Purchase to the north of 36 ° 30 ‘of lat. In the State, admitted to the Union in 1821, the outbreak of the war of secession caused a situation of uncertainty, but Missouri ended up being loyal to the Union and in 1865 abolished slavery. The country meanwhile it grew for a more rational exploitation of its resources, in particular the hydroelectric ones, built through numerous plants built on the Missouri River.
According to countryaah, Missouri has the following main cities:
Capital of the state of Missouri (United States), capital of Cole County, at 169 meters above sea level on the right bank of the Missouri River, almost in the geographical center of the state; it was founded in 1826. It had 3082 residents in 1860, 9664 in 1900, 21,596 in 1930. In 1925 it had 33 industrial plants and 1924 workers: among the various industries we should mention the Missouri Pacific railway. The surroundings are important for agriculture and mineral resources (coal and zinc). The city is served by the Chicago and Alton, Missouri Kansas and Texas, Missouri Pacific Railways lines, by car lines to Saint Louis, Springfield, Kansas City.
The second city in the state of Missouri (United States) after St Louis, the 19th in the Confederation by number of inhabitants (1930 census), in Jackson County; it is located at the confluence of the Kansas River with Missouri, bounded to the west by the border between the state of Missouri and that of Kansas. The first inhabited nucleus was founded in 1820 by a small French trading company, led by Francesco Chouteau. In 1850 the center was called the Town of Kansas , the name changed to that of Kansas City in 1889. The city therefore has a very recent history.
The city has a continental climate with an average annual temperature of 12 °, 2; winters are cold (average −0 °, 5), summers are hot (24 °, 5), with considerable differences between maximum and minimum: the temperature can in fact drop to −30 ° and rise to + 41 °, 1. Precipitation is abundant, around 900 mm., Distributed mainly in spring and summer; the very significant snowfall (on average 630 mm.).
The inhabitants of the center, which were 4418 in 1860, rose to 55,785 in 1880, to 163,752 in 1900, to 324,410 in 1920, to 399,746 in 1930, of which 67.8% were whites born to indigenous parents, 15 , 7% of whites born to foreign parents, 6.1% were born abroad (24,278 individuals: mainly Germans, Russians, Italians); the color element is numerous (10.5% in 1930). From a geographical and economic point of view, Kansas City forms a single whole with the homonymous city of Kansas (see above), from which it is divided only by the interstate political border: Greater Kansas City, including the two homonymous cities and the neighboring centers, it forms an urban agglomeration of over 800,000 inhabitants.
Kansas City is a major industrial center; the number of workers rose from 14,643 in 1909, to 22,137 in 1919, to 29,902 in 1929. The steel and mechanical industries, the publishing industry, the clothing industry and the more recent oil refineries, milling and those connected with breeding. But the city has truly fundamental importance from the point of view of trade, rising in a region of very rich agriculture and intense livestock. The elevatorsfor wheat they have a total capacity of 1,361,000,000 liters. The American Royal Live Stock Show, held annually in November, is one of the most important livestock shows in the entire United States. The city is a first-rate railway center, served by the lines of numerous companies, with a large movement of passengers and goods.
Parks, gardens and avenues, altogether about 170 km long, adorn the city. To the right of the Kansas River is the industrial and commercial area: the Missouri is crossed by three large railroad bridges; recently (1927) a bridge for vehicles and passengers was opened to traffic and a large interstate viaduct was thrown across the Kaw valley, connecting the city to the homonymous center of Kansas.
The city has important buildings, such as those of the Kansas City Line Stock Exchange, and the Board of Trade, the most important of its kind in the entire region; in the heart of the city stands the Convention Hall, built in place of another destroyed by fire, for the National Democratic Assembly of 1900, which was the seat of the Republican National Assembly in 1928.