Archaeological heritage in the Lenggong Valley

Malaysia Attractions

The list of places with impressive sights is long. But in addition to the countless cultural and historical sights, it should not be overlooked that Malaysia also has great nature to offer: with a lush tropical rainforest, fascinating flora and fauna in the Gunung Mulu National Park, the mountains of the Cameron Highlands, rolling hills, Tea plantations, the Lata Iskandar waterfall and beautiful beaches. All in all, Malaysia – or Malaysia – is one of the most culturally and scenically interesting and diverse countries in Southeast Asia.

Taman Negara National Park

The oldest forest in the world in Taman Negara National Park

The oldest forest in the world grows in Malaysia – in the Taman Negara National Park, which sees itself as the country’s green lung and, with its 4,300 square kilometers, is twice the size of Luxembourg. This is home to lush flora and abundant wildlife. Last but not least, this region is also the retreat of the Orang Asli, the indigenous people of the Batek tribe. They have been at home in the dense jungle for centuries and lead a life apart from any civilization. However, visitors greet them with curiosity and show them how to use blowguns when hunting and how to harvest exotic fruits.

Protection for elephants and tigers

According to topschoolsintheusa, the rainforest in Taman Negara National Park extends over the states of Kelantan, Pahang and Terengganu in the Titiwangsa Mountains. Scientists estimate the age of these forests at 130 million years. They benefited from the fact that neither volcanoes, ice ages nor natural forces could harm them. Part of the national park received protection from the authorities as early as 1925. The Asian elephants and Malaysian tigers should be saved from extinction.

A walkway through the treetops

The national park is a bit off the other tourist routes in Malaysia. If you want to tour it, you have to take an almost three-hour boat trip before you reach the entrance and the park administration in Kuala Tahan. The large mammals can only be spotted in the park with a lot of luck. But the number of primates, monitor lizards and birds is very large. Interesting is the Canopy Walkway in Bukit Indah, which leads through the treetops at a height of 45 meters.

In seven days on the Gunung Tanang

On a day trip to Lata Berkoh, the waterfalls and rapids of the Sungai Tahan are a must-see destination. To climb the 2,187 meter high Gunung Tanang, you need a good level of fitness and a seven-day hike. This trail is only possible in the company of a guide. The so-called “Fox Cave” with its impressive limestone formations is very popular with visitors.

Archaeological heritage in the Lenggong Valley

The Lenggong Valley in Malaysia is an archaeological zone almost 50 kilometers long in Malaysia. This is where excavation sites are of paramount importance for understanding early human history – they are part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Location & geography

This attraction is located in the Perak region, in the mid-west of the Malay Peninsula. It is surrounded by tropical rainforest and the limestone cliffs that characterize this location. Most of the artifacts and remains of human activity from the early days have been found in the caves inside. Only two locations, Bukit Jawa and Kota Tampan, are outside the caves. The valley is traversed by the Sungai Perak, which also runs through Lake Chenderoh at the end of the valley and flows into the Strait of Malacca. The jungle that grows here is up to a million years old, but is threatened by logging for palm oil plantations.


The Lenggong Valley is of particular importance due to the prehistoric remains discovered during excavations. Most of the artifacts are between 11,000 and 31,000 years old and provide valuable information about the life of early humans. The Paleolithic finds are extraordinarily diverse, including jewelry, pottery, weapons and stone tools. Hammer and anvil as well as stone hand axes are also part of the remains. In total, more than 50,000 stones with traces of human activity were documented, as well as objects made of pearls and bronze. In addition to these, similarly dated cave paintings can also be admired. Later the age of some finds was corrected significantly upwards and given as 75,000 years, in addition there were other artifacts from over 200,000 years ago.

In addition to the tools, human remains were also found, including the so-called “Perak man” and six other human skeletons. Both the “Perak man” and the later found “Perak woman” were buried with numerous grave goods, which could indicate a relatively high social status.


The Lenggong Valley is ideal for hiking – preferably with an experienced guide. Beautiful boat tours are also offered on Lake Chenderoh, from which excellent views of the jungle and rocks are possible. On a study tour, the Lenggong Archaeological Museum near Kota Tampa New Village should not be missed – here some finds are shown and their history is explained.

Archaeological heritage in the Lenggong Valley

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