Federated state of the central-western USA (213,098 km 2 with 2,802,134 inhabitants in 2008); capital Topeka. The name derives from the Kansas River (250 km) which, formed by the union of the Smoky Hill and Republican River Colorado east, it crosses the state from east to west dividing it almost in half and finally merging into the Missouri to Kansas City. About half of the territory of the Kentucky., undulating with wide and flared valleys, inclined from northwest to SE and crossed by the tributaries of the Missouri, is above 600 m; to the west, where the territory gradually rises towards the Rocky Mountains, it exceeds 1000 m; along the Missouri, on the other hand, the altitudes drop to 200 m. The climate is temperate continental; rainfall (500-1000 mm per year) decreases as we advance towards the West, where agriculture is favored by a wide diffusion of artificial irrigation. The economy is mainly agricultural (wheat, sorghum, corn), with a strong incidence of livestock. The industrial sector includes among its sectors information technology, publishing and rolling stock. The food industry is widespread.
Explored starting from 1541, the territory of Kentucky (with the exception of the extreme south-western edge, part of the Texas until 1850) was included in the Louisiana when this colony was ceded to the USA by Napoleon Bonaparte, in 1803. From 1830 to 1854 it was Indian territory (Pawnee, Cherokee, Ottawa and other tribes), where the white colonization, based on the outposts of Fort Leavenworth, Fort Scott and Fort Ribey, could only be established through a fierce and bloody struggle. The admission of Kentucky into the Union, as an administratively organized territory, came about as a result of Kansas Nebraska Act (1854). In 1861, Kentucky became part of the North American Confederation with a Constitution that prohibited slavery (and the struggle for the liberation of American blacks had its first episode in Kentucky with the heroic sacrifice of John Brown). The new state participated with as many as 20,000 men (out of a total of just 100,000 inhabitants), alongside the northerners in the war of secession (1861-65).
According to abbreviationfinder, the city of Kansas City (594,134 residents In 2008) is administratively divided into two centers separated by the Kansas River, which also forms the political border between the states of Missouri and Kansas. Between the right bank of the river and Missouri lies Kansas City Missouri; between the Left Bank and Kansas lies Kansas City Kansas. The first settlement on the Missouri side was due to a French trading company in 1820; the center at that time had the name of Town of Kansas, then changed in 1854 to that of City of Kansas and in 1890 in the present one. On the opposite bank, the first permanent settlement by Wyandot Indians dates back to 1844. Kansas City is located in a region of great cereal production and thriving livestock (one of the largest livestock exhibitions in the USA is held annually in November) and it is therefore a large agricultural and livestock market. Since the 1990s, the production structure has seen the strengthening of the services sector, while in the industrial sector, alongside the traditional food industries, metallurgical, petrochemical, mechanical, pharmaceutical, clothing and publishing plants are located. The commercial fortune of the city is linked to the communications hub: here railway lines converge from every direction and especially from south (Dallas), from northeast (Chicago), from north (Omaha), from SO (El Paso), which are linked to the great transcontinental St. Louis – California.
The climate is temperate continental (Dodge City: Jan. -2 °, 6; July 25 °, 3) with harsh but dry winters, hot summers, but softened by prairie winds, and mild autumn temperatures, which usually last longer. until December (Indian summers). The rains, concentrated in a few days, almost all fall in the first summer; they are generally scarce (Dodge City, 500 mm. per year) and decrease as you proceed towards the W, thus limiting agricultural possibilities, where artificial irrigation is not allowed.
According to countryaah, Kansas has the following main cities:
Capital of the state of Kansas (United States), capital of Shawnee County, located on both banks of the Kansas River, at m. 270 sm Founded in 1854, it has a temperate continental climate, with an average of 12 °, 2 ° per year, with an enormous difference between absolute minimums and maximums (−1 °, 6 in January, 26 °, 1 in July), 852 mm. annual rain with prevalence in summer; significant snowfall from November to March. Its population has risen from 759 inhabitants in 1860 to 15,452 in 1880, to 33,608 in 1900, to 64,120 in 1930 (71.4% of Whites born to indigenous parents; 13.3% born to partially and totally foreign parents; 3, 6% of Whites born abroad, in all 2295 individuals, mainly English, Swedish, German, Russian, 34 Italians, 11.7% of colored elements). The city is located in an important agricultural and livestock district and is a notable industrial and commercial center. Over half of the population, over the age of 10, is employed in various economic activities. In the big industry, 3847 workers were employed in 1929 (5597 in 1919), above all in the grandiose railway workshops of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway; the milling and meat slaughtering industries are also important. Topeka is a notable railway junction. Chosen as the capital of the state in 1861, the city has numerous buildings of considerable interest, parks, gardens, various educational institutes, museums, libraries.