Georgia Population

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Georgia is 3,997,000, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 3,997,000
Population growth rate 0.05%
Birth rate 12.30 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall 77.51 years
Men 74.17 years
Women 81.17 years
Age structure
0-14 years 18.23%
15-64 years 65.51%
65 years and above 16.27%
Median age 37.90 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 0.91
Population density 57.35 residents per km²
Urbanization 51.90%
Georgians (excluding Abkhazia and South Ossetia). 84% Georgians, 7% Azerbaijanis, 6% Armenians, 1.5% Russians, 0.9% Ossetians and others
Georgian Orthodox 65%, Muslim 11%, Russian Orthodox 10%, Armenian Apostolic 8%, unknown 6%
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.786
HDI ranking 70th out of 194

People in Georgia

3.7 million people live in Georgia. 1.1 million live in the capital Tbilisi alone. The next largest cities are Kutaisi, Batumi and Rustawi. 60 percent of the population live in cities, 40 percent in rural areas. Georgian women have an average of 1.75 children.

Georgia is a multi-ethnic state. About 26 ethnic groups are at home here. At 83 percent, however, the Georgians are by far the largest group. In the west of the country their share is 97 percent, in the east, however, only 75 percent.

The next largest groups are Azerbaijanis (6.5 percent) and Armenians (5.7 percent). The relationship can be very different in individual regions. In the Niederkartlien region, on the border with Azerbaijan, there are just as many Azerbaijanis as Georgians. On the border with Armenia, the Armenians even form a slim majority.

Minorities in Georgia are Russians, Ossetians, Abkhazians and Arameans. The proportion of many minorities, such as Russians and Ossetians, has fallen sharply since independence in 1991. Many have left the country. So Russians went back to Russia.

Languages in Georgia

Georgian is spoken in Georgia. That is the official language. Many other languages ​​are also spoken in the country. These include Azerbaijani, Armenian, Abkhazian, Ossetian and Russian.

Georgian belongs to the Caucasian languages ​​and here again to the South Caucasian language family. Georgian has its own alphabet. To write Georgian, an alphabet called Mchedruli is used. The Georgian alphabet consists of 33 letters. And this is what words look like:

საქართველო means: Skartvelo and means: Georgia.

Religions in Georgia

As early as 337, Christianity was declared the state religion in the east of what is now Georgia (then Iberia). So Christianity has a long tradition in the region. Today 75 percent of Georgians belong to the Orthodox Church in their country, the Georgian Orthodox Apostle Church.

Almost 10 percent of the population are Muslim. They live mainly in Adjara, which fell to the Ottoman Empire in 1635. The residents of the time then converted to Islam.

Minorities are Catholics, Protestants, Jews, Jehovah’s Witnesses and members of the Armenian Apostolic Church.

Georgia Overview

Georgia, located at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia, borders Russia, Turkey, Armenia, and Azerbaijan. The country is celebrated for its diverse landscapes, ranging from lush vineyards to the rugged Caucasus Mountains, which offer excellent hiking and skiing opportunities. Tbilisi, the capital, is known for its picturesque architecture, cobblestone streets, and a vibrant cultural scene. Georgia boasts a rich history that spans millennia, evident in its ancient churches, fortresses, and UNESCO World Heritage sites. It is also famed for its wine-making tradition, considered among the oldest in the world.

State Facts of Georgia:

  • Capital City: Tbilisi
  • Population: Approximately 3.7 million
  • Area: Approximately 69,700 square kilometers
  • Full Country Name: Georgia
  • Currency: Georgian Lari (GEL)
  • Language: Georgian
  • ISO Country Codes: GE, GEO, 268

Bordering Countries of Georgia

Georgia is a country located in the Caucasus region of Eurasia, bordered by four countries: Russia to the north, Turkey and Armenia to the south, and Azerbaijan to the east. Georgia has a land area of 69,700 square kilometers and a population of around 3.7 million people. Its capital city is Tbilisi which serves as an important cultural center for both Georgia and the wider Caucasus region.

To Georgia’s north lies Russia which covers an area of 17 million square kilometers with a population of around 146 million people making it one of the world’s most populous countries. It has varied terrain consisting mostly of plains but there are also some mountains in its southern regions such as Mount Elbrus rising up to 5642 meters above sea level making it Europe’s highest mountain. Its main river is Volga River which flows through its central region from northwest to southeast before emptying into Caspian Sea at Astrakhan Oblast in Southern Russia near Kazakhstan border. Moscow is the capital city located near Volga River in Central Russia where many government buildings can be found such as Kremlin or Red Square among others.

To Georgia’s south lies Turkey which covers an area of 783,562 square kilometers with a population just under 82 million people making it one of Europe’s most populous countries after Germany and France. It has mostly mountainous terrain but there are also some plains along its coastlines where major cities like Istanbul are located along Bosporus Strait between Sea Of Marmara and Black Sea. The main river in Turkey is Euphrates River flowing through its eastern region from southwest to northeast forming part of its border with Syria before entering into Iraq further downstream where it eventually empties into Persian Gulf via Shatt Al-Arab waterway near Basra Province in Iraq. Ankara is the capital city located near Anatolian Plateau in Central Turkey where many government buildings can be found such as Grand National Assembly Building or Presidential Palace among others.

To Georgia’s east lies Azerbaijan which covers an area of 86,600 square kilometers with a population just under 10 million people making it one of Asia’s most populous countries after Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. It has mostly flat terrain but there are also some mountains in its southern regions such as Mount Bazarduzu rising up to 4466 meters above sea level making it Azerbaijan’s highest mountain. Its main river is Kura River which flows through its central region from northwest to southeast before entering into Caspian Sea at Lankaran Province near Iran border. Baku is the capital city located near Absheron Peninsula on Caspian Sea where many government buildings can be found such as Millennium Tower or Flame Towers among others.


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