State of the US Confederation. It was one of the 13 colonies that gave birth to the United States of America. Initially disputed by the Dutch, who arrived in 1623, and the Swedes, who arrived in 1638, it was definitively subjected to the former in 1655. Nine years later it passed into the hands of the English, who in 1682 administratively united it to Pennsylvania. The D. during the 18th century. it developed its own identity and with the war of independence it organized itself into an autonomous state (1776). During the Civil War he remained loyal to the Union, despite the proximity to Maryland and Virginia. Agricultural wealth has brought it to a very high demographic density.
According to abbreviationfinder, the main occupation is industry (38%), which corresponds to the continuous growth of the urban population: 46.4% in 1900; 48% in 1910; 54.2% in 1920, always above the Union average. Agriculture absorbs about 19% of the population; 85% of the land is cultivated. Delaware harvests good quantities of corn and wheat; even more remarkable for the income is the production of fruit and vegetables, for which temporary labor from urban areas is employed; movement in which many Italians are interested. The main nucleus of the livestock is made up of cattle (85 thousand heads). Mineral resources, on the other hand, are limited to lime and freestone. In industries, which employ about 95,000 individuals and are concentrated in the northern extremity of the state (2/3 in Wilmington), lead the metallurgical industries (iron and steel, railway constructions), which make up about ⅓ of the total (in value) of production; followed by leather, foodstuffs (fruit preserves), graphics, milling and chemicals which flourished during the world war (explosives). Consequently, even the most conspicuous urban centers (but all, except Wilmington, of no great importance) are concentrated in the northern area, along the Delaware, which can be economically considered an appendage of nearby Philadelphia and south-eastern Pennsylvania. The capital, Dover (pop. 5,000), is also a small provincial town. Within the state borders it is approximately 540 km. of railways, of which 225 electrified,
River (660 km) of the eastern US. It descends from the Appalachian mountains (chain of the Catskill Mountains), and flows into the Atlantic Ocean with a large estuary, which begins in Philadelphia and flows into the Bay of Delaware; this (80 km) separates the peninsula of the same name from the New Jersey. The Delaware is navigable up to Trenton and is united by means of channels with the bays of Chesapeake and Lower and with the river Hudson.
It owes its name to Thomas West De la Warr (Wherwell, Hampshire, 1577 – m. 1618), governor of Virginia, who landed on its shores in 1611.
The ancient confederation of Algonquian societies (also called Lenape) residing in its basin took its name from the Delaware. Towards the middle of the 17th century, under pressure from the Whites and the Iroquois, the companies emigrated to west of the Appalachian, to settle in the river basin Ohio : a century later they were closed, together with the Cherokee, in a reservation. They currently have about 3,000 individuals.
According to countryaah, Delaware has the following main cities:
City of the United States, capital of the state of Delaware, capital of Kent County, at 39 ° 10 ‘N. and 75 ° 35’ W. it was founded in 1717 and became the capital in 1777. It is a modest center: in 1900 it had 3329 inhabitants, rising to 4042 in 1920, to 4800 in 1930. It is in an intensely agricultural region, famous for fruit growing. It has numerous public buildings, many schools and monuments of characters from the period of the revolution.
It is connected by railway lines to all the centers of the peninsula and is located on the great Philadelphia-Wilmington-Cape Charles artery, joined in turn to the New York-Washington.