Federated state of the USA (269,596 km 2 with 4,861,515 inhabitants in 2007; density 18 inhabitants / km 2) with capital Denver. It embraces on the east a strip of the plateaus that form the westernmost part of the Great Plains, on the O a section of the Colorado Plateau and in the middle the ridges of the Rocky Mountains (M. Elbert 4399 m). It borders with Wyoming, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, New Mexico And Utah.
According to abbreviationfinder, the climate of Colorado is continental, with strong temperature variations and rainfall of less than 400 mm per year. The dominant vegetation is the steppe. The population, ethnically homogeneous, with a limited Afro-American and Asian presence, to which a substantial group of Mexican descent is added, lives mainly (80%) in urban centers, the largest of which, in addition to the capital, are Colorado Springs and Pueblo.
Agriculture is very important: cereals and legumes are widely cultivated; breeding is widespread, especially cattle. Iron, lead, vanadium, uranium and molybdenum are extracted from the subsoil (for which the USA has the world record). The industry (engineering, chemical, polygraphy, agri-food and oil refining) is concentrated in the major cities. Tourism has great economic importance, favored by the presence of spas, equipped ski resorts, various parks, as well as a good communications network, especially road.
Spanish exploration began after the mid-18th century; from 1806 the North American one began; of true colonization we can speak only from the 19th century, when the region was ceded from Mexico to the United States in 1848 (Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo) and discovered in 1858 gold mines, many emigrants flowed there. Established in the territory in 1861, the C. became a State of the Union only in 1876.
Plateau of Colorado (ingl. Colorado Plateau) One of the great natural regions of the USA, which extends for about 600,000 km 2. The Plateau, bounded to the east by the median range of the Rocky Mountains, to the north of Uinta Mountains, to the south from the mountains of San Francisco, west from the Wasatch Mountains, it is divided between the states: Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona and Utah, and therefore from the morphological point of view its limits do not coincide with either the administrative ones of the State of Colorado or with those of the homonymous river basin. At an average height of 2000-3000m, this vast plateau, carved by the narrow and deep valleys of the Colorado River and its tributaries, is topped by isolated mountains mostly of volcanic origin. The climate is continental and arid, with strong annual and diurnal temperature variations, the canyons carve picturesquely the country, but make road and rail transit uncomfortable. A sparse coniferous forest covers the elevated areas, while a xerophilous association based on chaparral dominates below.
According to countryaah, Colorado has the following main cities:
Capital of the state of Colorado (UJniti States), at 39 ° 47 ′ N. and 105 ° W, at the confluence of the South Platte River and Cherry Creek, at 1579 m. on the sea.
The city has a very recent history: it was founded in 1858, and was given the name Denver in honor of the governor of Kansas, General JW Denver. It became the capital of the territory in 1867 and in 1890 it was joined for the first time with the southern and eastern regions by rail. In 1894 the city of South Denver was annexed.
The climatic conditions have the following characteristics: average annual temperature 10 °; in winter −0 °, 5; in the spring 8th, 9th; in summer 21 °, 1; in autumn 10 °, 6. The rainfall is only 350 mm., Distributed mainly from April to September. Overall, the city enjoys a continental-steppe climate.
The population has been increasing extraordinarily: in 1870 the city had 4759 residents, Which rose to 35,629 in 1880; to 106,713 in 1890; to 133,859 in 1900; to 213,381 in 1910; to 256,491 in 1920; a 1928 calculation gave 294,200 residents The most notable increase occurred in the decade 1870-1880 with 648.7%. In 1920 the Whites made up 97.3% of the population, the Negroes 2.4%. In 1920 there were 104,966 foreigners, including 7135 Italians.
The city has wide, straight streets, cut at right angles. The urban nucleus arose at the confluence of Cherry Creek with the South Platte River and West Denver. There are numerous parks and public gardens, which cover an area of over 5 square kilometers: the largest and most impressive is the City Park, which houses an interesting zoological garden. Denver is of great importance from an industrial point of view: it has a thousand factories and workshops with 10-15,000 people employed. Industries prevail. mechanics and iron and steel with thousands of workers; the textile industries (wool), the sausage industry, the publishing art, etc. This industrial development must be related to the presence in the surrounding region of numerous mines and the presence of coal. Denver has become one of the Rockies’ most notable markets for wool. The city is also a first-rate railway hub, the most important on the eastern side of the Rocky Mountains.
The city is home to the University of Denver, founded in 1864, called Colorado Seminary until 1880. It currently has over 160 teachers and over 3500 students. Denver also owns the Jesuit college of the Sacred Heart founded in 1888; Westminster College (Presbyterian), etc.
City of the USA (91,685 residents In 2006), in Colorado, on the eastern slopes of the Front Range, approximately 45km northwest of Denver. Summer and winter health resort. Founded in 1860, it stands in an area rich in mineral deposits. It is home to Colorado University (1876) and a center for scientific research.