Buenos Aires, Argentina

Buenos Aires, Argentina

According to abbreviationfinder, Buenos Aires is the capital of Argentina and federal district, 203 km 2, (2019) 3.07 million residents.

Greater Buenos Aires, which includes the city itself and 24 adjoining administrative districts, has 15.2 million residents, around a third of the population of Argentina, and Buenos Aires is the second largest city in South America after São Paulo, Brazil.

The city is located on the south-west bank of the Río de la Plata, 280 km from the Atlantic Ocean, on a plain that is adjoined by the fertile pampas. Buenos Aires is a spacious city, the development of which has recently reached beyond the boundaries of the metropolitan region.

Buenos Aires is the seat of the archbishop, the seat of the highest state authorities and the congress. The city has numerous scientific institutes, universities, botanical and zoological gardens, planetarium, art academy, conservatory; Around 100 museums (Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes; Museo Nacional de Arte Decorativo; Museo de Arte Moderno; MALBA, Museo de Arte Latinoamericano; Museo de Artes Plásticas Eduardo Sivori; Museo de Arte Hispanoamericano Isaac Fernández Blanco with the most important collection of sacred and professional objects in South America) and libraries, theaters (including the Teatro Colón opera house and the Teatro Cervantes national theater).

Buenos Aires is not only the political and intellectual, but also the economic center of Argentina, the seat of large foreign trade companies and an industry that developed by leaps and bounds, especially during the Second World War (almost 60% of all industrial companies in the country). Automotive, mechanical engineering, textile, chemical, paper and beverage industries; Petroleum refineries. In addition, the city is the most important financial center in the country with numerous banks, insurance companies, securities and grain exchanges. The country’s transport lines converge in Buenos Aires; Trams, underground trains, high-speed trains and buses mediate between the large terminal stations and connect the city with the suburbs.

The posh residential areas stretch along the Río de la Plata to the northwest. Your new expansion is largely in the form of locked and guarded residential complexes. The eastern district of La Boca with its colorful house facades is considered a stronghold of tango and has developed into a popular tourist attraction. Modern port facilities allow access to the largest ships, but the Río de la Plata must be constantly protected from silting up. Approx. 30 km southwest of the city center is the Ezeiza international airport, one of the largest in South America, and another in the northwest of the city (Aeroparque).


The original city layout from 1580 follows the checkerboard scheme that is binding in the Spanish colonies (today’s city). The cityscape has undergone major structural changes since the beginning of the 20th century. The oldest surviving colonial church is San Ignacio (built by Bavarian Jesuits after the model of Il Gesù in Rome at the beginning of the 18th century). The Church of Santo Domingo (1751–83) was restored after a fire (1955). The single-nave church of La Recoleta del Pilar (1716–32) has an interior that is partly still from the colonial era. San Francisco (around 1730–54) received a neoclassical facade in 1808. The current construction of the cathedral (three aisles with a large dome) dates from 1752 to 1792, the facade from 1822: portico with 12 Corinthian columns and tympanum, which symbolizes the union of the Argentine province after the battle of Pavón; General’s tomb (1877) in a side chapel J. de San Martin.

In the La Recoleta cemetery (founded in 1822) there are ornate grave monuments (especially Art Nouveau). The town hall (Cabildo, 1725–51, today heavily modified) has a two-storey facade with arched arcades. For the Casa Rosada (seat of the President), two existing buildings were combined in 1883 by a facade in the style of Italian classicism. The former private palaces are mainly inspired by French classicism (17th century); Examples are the Palacio Paz (1902; today Círculo Militar) and the Palacio San Martín (Ministry of Foreign Affairs). The Palacio del Congreso (1906) shows influences of the Italian Neo-Renaissance. The Hotel Chile is a major work of Art Nouveau. The first building of the Teatro Colón was built in 1857 (1908 renovation, 2006-10 renovation). In 1876 the central building of the Inmaculada Concepción church, oriented towards the Paris Pantheon, was built. The design language of the Teatro Cervantes, built in 1922, is a reaction to 19th century Europeanism and follows Spanish models. With the Edificio Kavanagh, the tallest reinforced concrete structure on earth was built in 1936. The Fátima Church (1957) shows the national will to form. The architectural association C. Testa & Sepra created the building of the Banco de Londres y America del Sur in 1965 in a brutalist style. According to plans by The Fátima Church (1957) shows the national will to form. The architectural association C. Testa & Sepra created the building of the Banco de Londres y America del Sur in 1965 in a brutalist style. According to plans by The Fátima Church (1957) shows the national will to form. The architectural association C. Testa & Sepra created the building of the Banco de Londres y America del Sur in 1965 in a brutalist style. According to plans by Gastón Atelman, Martín Fourcade and Alfredo Tapia created the Museo de Arte Latinoamericano (MALBA) between 1997 and 2001.


de Mendoza founded the city in 1536 under the name Nuestra Señora Santa María del Buen Aire, but Indian raids forced the settlers to retreat. The second foundation in 1580 by J. de Garay was permanent. After two centuries of stagnation, Buenos Aires became the capital of the viceroyalty Río de la Plata in 1776 and from then on it developed expansively as the economic, administrative and cultural center of the La Plata region. In 1806 and 1807, British attempts to conquer the city failed due to resistance from the residents. On May 25, 1810, the struggle for the separation of the Viceroyalty from motherland Spain began in Buenos Aires. The contrast to the other Argentine provinces led to the state independence of the province of Buenos Aires in 1853-60; In 1880 Buenos Aires became the federal capital.

Buenos Aires, Argentina

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