National Flag of Brunei
According to aceinland, the national flag of Brunei is a rectangular flag with two equal horizontal stripes of yellow and white. The yellow stripe is on the top and the white stripe is on the bottom. In the center of the flag, there is a red circle that contains a crescent moon and five stars. The crescent moon symbolizes Islam, while the five stars represent Brunei’s five districts or divisions.
The colors of Brunei’s national flag have been inspired by the colors of its coat of arms. The yellow represents royalty, while the white symbolizes purity and peace. The red circle in the center stands for courage, strength, and sovereignty.
The national flag of Brunei has been in use since 1959 when it was adopted after Brunei gained independence from Britain in 1984. Since then it has been used as an official symbol to represent the country at international events such as sporting competitions and diplomatic meetings. It also serves as an important part of Bruneian culture, as it is frequently used during important holidays such as National Day and Hari Raya Aidilfitri (the end of Ramadan).
Presidents of Brunei
The President of Brunei is the Head of State of the nation. Since 1984, the Sultan of Brunei has been the head of state and has held executive power. The current Sultan is Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu’izzaddin Waddaulah, who acceded to the throne in 1967.
The Prime Minister is the Head of Government and is appointed by the Sultan from among members of the Legislative Council. He is responsible for advising and assisting in policy formation and implementation, as well as being a liaison between government departments and other branches of government. The current Prime Minister is His Royal Highness Prince Haji Al-Muhtadee Billah ibni Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu’izzaddin Waddaulah.
The Legislative Council consists of 15 appointed members who serve 5-year terms and are responsible for proposing laws to be considered by the Sultan for approval or rejection. They also review all proposed budgets from each ministry/department before they are submitted to the Cabinet for consideration and approval.
The Cabinet consists of 8 ministers appointed by the Sultan who have responsibility over their respective ministries/departments, such as finance, health, education, defense, foreign affairs, etc. They advise on policy matters that come before them and are responsible for implementing those policies once approved by the Sultan. The current Cabinet was appointed in 2015 and includes His Royal Highness Prince Mohamed Bolkiah as Minister at Large (Minister Responsible for Foreign Affairs).
Prime Ministers of Brunei
The Prime Minister of Brunei is the Head of Government and is appointed by the Sultan from among members of the Legislative Council. He is responsible for advising and assisting in policy formation and implementation, as well as being a liaison between government departments and other branches of government. The current Prime Minister is His Royal Highness Prince Haji Al-Muhtadee Billah ibni Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu’izzaddin Waddaulah.
The first Prime Minister of Brunei was Pengiran Dipa Negara Laila Diraja Sahibul Karib Pengiran Abdul Momin, who served from 1984 to 1986. He was succeeded by Pehin Orang Kaya Pekerma Jaya Major General (Rtd) Dato Paduka Seri Haji Mohd Taha bin Haji Ya’acob, who served from 1986 to 1998.
The third Prime Minister was Pehin Orang Kaya Indera Pahlawan Dato Seri Setia Awang Haji Suyoi bin Osman, who took office in 1998 and served until 2004. During his tenure he implemented numerous economic reforms that helped to improve the country’s economy and reduce poverty levels significantly.
In 2004, His Royal Highness Prince Mohamed Bolkiah was appointed as the fourth Prime Minister of Brunei. During his term he focused on developing strong relationships with other nations in Asia and around the world, as well as continuing to implement economic reforms that helped improve living standards for all Bruneians. He also worked towards improving education standards in the country so that Bruneian students could compete more effectively on a global level.
In 2015, His Royal Highness Prince Haji Al-Muhtadee Billah ibni Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu’izzaddin Waddaulah was appointed as the fifth Prime Minister of Brunei and continues to lead the nation today. Since taking office he has worked towards creating a business-friendly environment in order to attract foreign investment into the country, while also improving infrastructure projects such as roadways and telecommunications networks across Brunei Darussalam.